From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Genocide of the European Jews by Nazi Germany and other groups.
Key documents from The National Archives
For other uses, see Holocaust disambiguation and Shoah disambiguation. Most were "selected" to go to the gas chambers. Main article: Names of the Holocaust. Jews on selection ramp at Auschwitz, May Early policies. Allied response.
Joint Declaration by Members of the United Nations. Holocaust survivors Deportations of French Jews to death camps. Functionalism versus intentionalism. Days of remembrance Memorials and museums Righteous Among the Nations.
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Further information: List of Nazi concentration camps. German-occupied Europe , Concentration camps , extermination camps , and ghettos borders; extermination camps highlighted. Main articles: Nazi human experimentation and Doctors' trial. See also: History of the Jews in Germany , Christianity and antisemitism , Martin Luther and antisemitism , Religious antisemitism , and Racial antisemitism.
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Main article: Aktion T4. Further information: Nazi eugenics and Erbkrank. Main article: Nuremberg Laws. Main article: Anschluss. Main article: Kristallnacht.
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Further information: Madagascar Plan. Main articles: Holocaust in Poland , ghettos , and camps. See also: Low Countries.
36 Questions & Answers About the Holocaust
Main article: Invasion of the Soviet Union. Main articles: Einsatzgruppen and List of Einsatzgruppen. See also: Security Division Wehrmacht. Further information: Axis powers. See also: Jewish settlement in Japan. Main article: Gas van. Warsaw Ghetto , May Bodies of children in the Warsaw Ghetto, or Further information: Nazi concentration camps , List of Nazi concentration camps , and Extermination through labor. Further information: Attack on Pearl Harbor. Further information: Wannsee Conference and Final solution to the Jewish question.
Pages from the Wannsee Protocol  listing the number of Jews in every European country. Main article: Extermination camp. Auschwitz II gatehouse, shot from inside the camp. The Polish resistance reportedly smuggled the film, known as the Sonderkommando photographs , out of the camp in a toothpaste tube. May Main article: Death marches Holocaust. Main articles: Nazi crimes against the Polish nation and Generalplan Ost.
Main article: Aftermath of the Holocaust. Main articles: Nuremberg trials and Subsequent Nuremberg trials. Main articles: Responsibility for the Holocaust , List of major perpetrators of the Holocaust , and German collective guilt.
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See also: Category:The Holocaust by country. Timeline of Events.
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Archived from the original on 25 November Retrieved 6 October United States Holocaust Memorial and Museum. Archived from the original on 9 March Holocaust Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 13 June Archived from the original on 14 September Retrieved 30 September Oxford Dictionaries.
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Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on 5 October Retrieved 4 October The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia. Archived PDF from the original on 5 February Ancel, Jean The History of the Holocaust in Romania. Arad, Yitzhak The Holocaust in the Soviet Union. Bartrop, Paul R. Resisting the Holocaust: Upstanders, Partisans, and Survivors. In Gutman, Yisrael ; Berenbaum, Michael eds. Anatomy of the Auschwitz Death Camp. A History of the Holocaust Revised ed. New York: Franklin Watts. Jews for Sale? Rethinking the Holocaust. Bauer, Yehuda ; Rozett, Robert In Gutman, Israel ed.
Encyclopedia of the Holocaust. New York: Macmillan Library Reference. Baumel, Judith Tydor In Laqueur, Walter ed. The Holocaust Encyclopedia. Bazyler, Michael J. Bell, Martin War and the Death of News. London: Oneworld Publications. Jews and Jewish Education in Germany Today. Leiden: Brill. Benz, Wolfgang Munich: R. Oldenburg Verlag. Berenbaum, Michael In Braham, Randolph L. Detroit: Wayne State University Press. Bergen, Doris Berghahn, Volker R. Yearbook of European Studies.
Amsterdam and Atlanta, GA: Rodopi. Biddiss, Michael Oxford: Oxford University Press. Black, Jeremy The Holocaust: History and Memory. Bloxham, Donald The Final Solution: A Genocide. Braham, Randolph L. The Auschwitz Reports and the Holocaust in Hungary. Browning, Christopher Central European History. New York: HarperPerennial. Buchheim, Hans The Anatomy of the SS State.